Maximilian Hell and the Northernmost Transit of Venus Expedition of 1769

  • Article
  • 16 pages
  • Level: university

An article by Elvira Botez of the Astronomical Observatory Cluj-Napoca (Romania). This article appeared in The Journal of Astronomical Data in 2004:

Abstract: A short biography of the Jesuit astronomer Maximilian Hell (1720-1792), founder and director of the Astronomical Observatory in Vienna and editor of the Viennese Astronomical Almanac is presented. He was the leader of the expedition to Vardö Island for observing the transit of Venus of 1769. The journey of the participants, the preparations for observing the important phenomenon and its successful observations are described. Hell’s scientific merits won him the membership in several European Academies, and his name is found on the lunar maps.

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